regulatory complianceTHE PROBLEM

Many “manufacturers and distributors” of non-medical cabinet x-ray systems are either unaware of their regulatory responsibilities or they just don’t have the expertise, staff or time to determine all the different requirements necessary to administer a regulatory compliance program.

Some “manufacturers” within the United States, and even more so, those located outside the United States; often struggle to determine what their Federal and State regulatory registration and reporting obligations are. Experience indicates that many distributors of cabinet x-ray systems are also unaware of their regulatory registration and reporting obligations and those of their customer. (See STATE CABINET X-RAY MACHINE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS – OWNERS & INSTALLERS page).

As a result, there has been a negative trickle down effect on the customer from the States which has led to animosity towards both the distributor and the manufacturer. RCE Consulting can help YOU avoid this potential negative business impact. With an estimated global increase in the x-ray inspection market of 5-8% over the next 5 years, predominantly here in the United States, can you really afford to be non-compliant or place your valued customer in a non-compliant position with their State Radiation Control Agency?

Federal and State regulatory requirements can be complex, difficult to find, change frequently and require the manufacturer and the distributor to have an extensive knowledge of each States registration requirements, radiation protection program requirements, training requirements, dosimetry requirements, inspection and safety device testing and radiation leakage emission survey requirements. There are numerous differences in State requirements for field service personnel as well.




 All State Radiation Control Agency “registration” regulations for X-Ray Equipment require the “manufacturer” AND “distributor” who sells, leases, transfers, or lends radiation machines in any State, to notify the State’s Radiation Control Agency of the sale, installation, lease, rental, or demonstration within the required reporting timeframe. Each State has different reporting requirements and 7 States have specific reporting forms to submit. ALL States require the manufacturer AND distributor to report:

  1. The names and addresses of persons who have received these machines; and
  2. The manufacturer and model of each machine transferred, sold, leased, or lent; and
  3. The date of transfer, sale, lease, or lending of each radiation machine.
  •  Note: If a radiation-producing machine is brought into a State for “temporary use”, for example; a demonstration, trade show, or short term use for product reclaim, etc., the owner or person proposing to do so, or their authorized agent, shall give written notice to the State at least 2-5 working days before the machine enters the State. This is referred to as an “Out of State” provision or “Reciprocity” which almost every State has in their regulations. Most States also limit the time the x-ray equipment can remain in the State for temporary use, while other States require machine registration even for temporary use.
  • There are 35 States that require your company to register if you intend to sell, lease, lend, rent, install, service and repair radiation emitting equipment.
  • There 13 States that require the Field Service Engineer to be registered specifically to perform his/her duties.
  • There are 7 States that require the Field Service Engineer to complete a specific installation form in addition to the State Vendor/Assembler required transfer/installation report.
  • In many of these States the machine owner is required to obtain evidence that the person engaged in these services is registered and if not, the owner is required to refuse the service until the manufacturer, distributor or servicing company is registered with the applicable State. This does NOT happen overnight.

 If you sell, lease, rent, demonstrate, install or repair x-ray equipment, all of these requirements can get quite complicated. DON’T IGNORE THEM, WE CAN HELP !!!

RCE Consulting stays current and knowledgeable of ALL State requirements, Let US handle all this for YOU!!!

As the responsible manufacturer AND distributor:

  1.  Have you submitted the required installation report(s) to the State Radiation Control Agency in the time required?
  2. Have you informed the State Radiation Control Agency for any “Out of State” x-ray machines you own and intend to bring into that State?
  3. Have you registered as a Vendor/Assembler, as necessary, in the applicable 35 States that require registration?
  4. Does your company have a required written Radiation Protection Program if you have machines located at your site?
  5. Is your Radiation Protection Program audited annually as required?
  6. Have your staff, sales force and field service personnel received radiation safety training?
  7. Have your field service personnel been provided with documented cabinet x-ray equipment training that qualifies them to perform their servicing duties (Manufacturer’s responsibility)?
  8. Have your Field Service personnel been issued a primary dosimetry badge and a calibrated radiation survey meter?
  9. Are your Field Service personnel specifically registered in those 13 States that require individual registration?
  10. Do you have a program in place to routinely review dosimetry results and to ensure your radiation survey meter(s) are calibrated annually? Do you maintain a copy of all radiation meter calibration certificates on site?
  11. Do you have a documented means of informing the owner/end user of their x-ray machine registration and regulatory compliance responsibilities?
  12. Did you know some States require each Sales & Field Service Technician to be listed individually on the Vendor/Assembler registration, or that Colorado requires the Field Service Technician to take a regulations exam every 2 years or that Minnesota requires each individual FST be registered independently regardless of who they are employed by?

RCE Consulting stays current with each States ever changing rules and we can help you. No other company we are aware of offers this complete service for “manufacturers” AND “distributors”.

If you answered “NO” to any of these regulatory requirements listed above, or you are not sure, then you are likely in non-compliance with State regulations and YOU are in need of guidance and assistance from RCE Consulting.


Recognizing the PROBLEM and the associated issues and challenges before you, RCE Consulting is now offering manufacturers AND their distributors a complete and comprehensive regulatory compliance service where ALL your specific regulatory registration and reporting needs are managed by RCE Consulting. We can also assist your customers in obtaining full regulatory compliance through our Radiological Compliance Services described on this web site. Please take a moment to review all the solutions and services RCE Consulting can provide to manufacturers AND distributors.




  •  Prepare and submit all required US FDA initial product reports, supplemental reports and annual reports.
  • Act as the “Manufacturers’ Designated United States Agent” for manufacturers exporting into the United States (e.g., China, Japan, South Korea, UK, Finland, Denmark, etc.) in accordance with FDA 21 CFR 1005.25 and respond to all FDA inquires as needed.
  • Prepare and submit additional FDA reports such as reports of product defects, responses to FDA Letters and prepare radiological incident reports as needed.
  • Obtain and maintain an active list of your companies FDA Accession Numbers for all radiation emitting products sold in the US. FDA Accession Numbers are often required for import permits when selling systems outside the US or at a moment’s notice when your equipment has been put on FDA or US Customs HOLD. This does happen.


  •  Prepare all State required Vendor/Assembler registration applications, submit updates and changes to the original registration application, prepare your annual renewal applications for each State you intend to provide sales and services which require this type of registration (35 States currently).
  • Prepare and submit all manufacturer AND distributor State required sales and installation reports for each State within the time frames required (Range from 10 days to 90 days).
  • Provide your manufacturing facility with a comprehensive written Radiation Protection Plan, work instructions, forms, NRC Regulatory Guides, State specific guidelines and all forms and training materials necessary for regulatory compliance within the State your manufacturing or distribution/testing facility is registered and located in the United States. State inspectors WILL visit your facility every 2-4 years.
  • RCE Consulting will schedule an annual visit to your site (Max. 3 days) and provide facility Radiation Safety Officer Training, sales and distributor training, x-ray operator training and/or Field Service Technician radiation safety training. Reasonable travel expenses billed separately.
  • Prepare and submit “Out of State” notifications when systems are transported into a State temporarily for lease, lending, reclaim, demonstrations or trade shows.
  • Maintain a copy of all individual manufacturer’s operator and field service maintenance course personnel training certificates, radiation safety training certificates and radiation meter calibration certificates. All of these documents are required for Vendor/Assembler registration and subsequent annual renewals therefore; these records must be readily available and current.
  • Provide routine quarterly reviews of all personnel dosimetry results and provide feedback as necessary.

For More Information About these Manufacturer or Distributor Compliance and Training Services, Please Contact Steve Norris at or contact me at Office 843-650-9724 or Mobile 865-696-9117.